Viola syn. Erpetion commonly known as Pansies, Pansy, Violet, Hooked-spur violet, Western dog violet, Great basin violet, Twin flowered violet, Dog Violet, Heath violet, Horned violet, Stream violet, Australian violet, Ivy leaved violet, Trailing violet, Labrador violet, Mountain Pansy, Marsh blue violet, English violet, Garden violet, Sweet violet, Bird’s foot violet, Crow foot violet, Larkspur violet, Common Blue Violet, Purple prairie violet, Wood violet, Woolly blue violet, Heartsease, Johnny jump up, Love in idleness, are annuals, biennials, evergreen, semi-evergreen and a few deciduous subshrubs found in varied habitats in temperate regions worldwide. Some are tufted or rhizomatous. They have mostly mid green leaves. Some South American species are rosette-forming and are very similar to sempervivums. Most are unscented, flower profusely over long periods from March to June and self seeds freely in late summer and early fall. Some are winter or spring flowering and ideal for planting with spring flowering bulbs. Many are informally referred to as garden pansies which come from the hybridization of V. tricolor, V. lutea, V. cornuta and other species. No known diseases or insect problems.
USES: Rock garden, Scree beds, Borders, Alpine house, Containers, Bedding, Bee & Butterfly garden. Attracts small mammals and Songbirds, Can be used in salads or cooked, Flowers can be made into candies or jellies, Meadow garden, Small spaces, Woodland garden, Mass plantings, Edible gardens