Chrysanthemum, also known as Dendranthema, Rhodanthemum, Leucanthemum, Tanacetum, Leucanthemella or Leucanthemopsis, sometimes called Mums or Chrysanths are upright, bushy annuals and herbaceous perennials (some with woody bases). Annuals come from the Mediterranean region where they grow in dry fields and wasteland. The herbaceous perennials are from the Arctic, parts of N. and C. Russia, China and Japan. Chrysanthemums are divided into 3 groups: Exhibition, Rubellum and Garden. Fragrant dark green leaves are 2-7 in. (5-18cm) long and often feathery. Chrysanthemums are grown primarily for their showy flowerheads which range from 1-12 in. (2.5-30cm) across. Flowers consist of a variety of colors including yellow, bronze, white, pink, purple, red, bicolors etc. The height of most types depends on fertility and pruning practices. Water freely in dry weather and apply a balanced liquid fertilizer every 7-10 days from midsummer until buds begin to show color. Crowns can be stored over winter in a soilless potting mix in frost free conditions. Several types of Chrysanthemum species contain pyrethrin compounds and are commonly grown as “companion plants'' in organic farming to repel insects from susceptible ornamental or edible plants. No serious pests problems or disease.
USES: Indoor decoration, Exhibition, Bonsai plants, Trailed as fans, pillars, pyramids or cascades, Outdoor borders, Herbaceous borders, Cut flowers, Houseplants, Containers, Wildflower gardens, Natural insect repellent, Butterfly gardens, Landscaping, Beds, Rock gardens, Cottage gardens, Mass plantings, Coastal, Patio